Building a high-quality mobile app from the ground up is complex and not something any one person can do. To build a functional mobile app, every member of the development team has to do their part.
First, we have to fully understand your objectives and goals. Does your app need to allow people to buy items from your warehouse? Or maybe make reservations in your restaurant? Once we understand the 5 W’s (who, what, when, where, why), we can begin to plan for the project scope (work that needs to be accomplished) for your app.
There are several ways to go about software development. These are called Software Development Methodologies. There are over a dozen in use, but the top four are Waterfall, Rapid, Agile, and DevOps. For this article, we’re going to keep things basic. Each methodology then has several of its own iterations, and things can get confusing real quick.
Whatever methodology you use, every development project has to go through some version of the following process: Requirements, Design, Engineering, Construction, Testing/Debugging, Deployment, and Maintenance.
Now, let’s discuss our team roles:
- Project Manager
A good project manager needs to have a balanced personality. The PM is the head person in charge of a development project. This person needs to be the final stop for problems, both big and small. The PM is responsible for managing the time/cost involved with the development of a mobile app. He/she also needs to maintain notes and information about current projects.
Planning is the main responsibility of a PM. Developing the project plan and schedule is an important part of the job. The development team needs to be led in an efficient manner, and it’s up to the PM to organize the roles and positions within their team, for success.
The project manager is also responsible for maintaining team-wide communication, as well as properly communicating with other teams. It’s the responsibility of the project manager to maintain a positive team environment.
- UI Designer
The user interface designer works closely with other experience and design specialists. The UX designer is responsible for making sure that every step of a user takes is intuitive and comfortable, by collaborating with the UX designer on the project.
A good interface designer makes a design without any unnecessary features. The main goal of the user interface designer is to attract the user to the design by using simple elements in an effective manner.
You are a design is a process of taking the idea out of your head and converting it, creatively, into a visual design.
- Front-End Developer
The front end developer creates an application based very closely on the designs discussed above. Their main focus is to make the website or mobile app user-friendly and easy to access. A front-end developer creates a bridge between the design of the project and the available technology. This brings the design to life and brings the backend architecture into the user's hands.
- Back-End Developer
Any piece of software is really just a sum of multiple layers of design, processing, and content. The back-end development of a website or app is not usually seen by the user, but these are the processes that actually make the app run. The user never interacts directly with the back-end technology, but they are always running in the background, providing smooth functionality and information from any necessary databases.
The back end of a piece of software is the combination of database and software components, in addition to server-side processes such as cloud-based technology.
In general, anything coming from the back end is usually being provided by a server. The backend is mainly responsible for managing the data between the server and the users. A back-end developer works with his team and building and supporting the front end functions of the project.
- Quality Analyst
A highly important step in the development process is testing. The QA analyst has to develop test plans and cases, among other assigned duties. The QA Analyst is mainly responsible for supporting the planning, design, and execution of system testing.
The most important forms of testing are validation testing, UI testing, and functional testing. Of course, there are many more types.
While testing an application or website the QA team has to know all of the details about the project. Each day they are responsible for keeping track of running projects, as well as a deep understanding of their requirements and features. Finally, the QA analyst has to make sure that all of this gets done within a specific amount of time. This is very important, as a late project is often very costly to a development firm.
From the very first step to the very end of the development process, it's imperative that a development team maintains a sharp focus on each and every aspect of the process. The manager has to focus on the entire team and guide them through any potential problems. While the team creates an application the manager is in charge of keeping everybody together regarding timing and delivery. Each team member is responsible for managing their assigned work within specific time constraints, which helps the entire project come together.
In any development team the manager, the developers, and the testers have an equal role to play in guaranteeing a successful development. True, deep collaboration is the only way to properly develop a high-quality mobile app or website.